Mobility Contracts in Graz, Austria
The Austrian City of Graz is influencing mobility behaviour by signing contracts with property developers.
These contracts allow developers to undershoot the parking standards for building off-street parking spaces (currently 1 parking space per apartment) if several conditions are fulfilled such as excellent accessibility of public transport, shared mobility options such as car-sharing, incentives for the use of bicycles incl. bike parking facilities or cargo-bike sharing to name only a few.
This measure doesn’t only provide a more balanced choice of alternative modes but also lowers construction costs and land requirements and hence the price of the new dwellings which leads to more affordable housing.
See also the brochure on Good reasons and principles for Parking Management.